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Closeup image of a drop of budder

Budder, hash oil, BHO, wax, full melt, or dabs, is a concentrated, resinous form of cannabis obtained by solvent extraction and formed into a viscous or hardened mass.[1] According to High Times, "Budder retains more of the terpenes so it tends to be more flavorful but less potent – with THC percentages in the 70s. It has a creamy consistency from being whipped".[2]

THC Levels

Malleable hash oil

Due to the high level of psychoactive compound per its volume, budder can be the most potent of all cannabis products. Dr Paul Hornby, a chemist and plant analyst at Hedron Analytical Inc,[3] a company that tests cannabis products for purity and potency, says budder is the cleanest, most potent cannabis product he has ever tested. "Marijuana contains various cannabinoids", Hornby explains, "with THC usually predominant. Hemp has barely a percent or two of THC. The best dried marijuana bud generally maxes out at about 27% THC. Sieved hashish averages about 45% THC. Bubblehash averages about 53% THC. Solvent-extracted products usually have more THC than bud, water hash or sieved hash, but none have tested as high as budder at up to 99.6% pure".[4]


As mentioned above, budder is obtained through the process of solvent extraction, usually alcohol or benzine. The plant is mashed up in a container containing the solvent and the resulting liquid is filtered until all plant matter has been removed. The solvent is then left to evaporate for a day or two and what's left is a sticky resinous oil. Some people heat up the solvent to increase the rate of evaporation, however this results in highly flammable vapors that are a fire hazard and can leave one intoxicated.[5]

Additional Resources


  1. Dabs—marijuana's explosive secret (February 24, 2014), CNBC.com
  2. Concentrate Basics: Shatter, Budder and Oil (May 27, 2014), High Times
  3. Hedron Analytical Inc home page (2014), Hedron.ca
  4. Beautiful budder (January 19, 2005), Cannabis Culture.com
  5. How to Make Hash Oil The Easy Way (2014), Drug Library.org