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Chile in South America

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes mountains to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south.


Chile is progressively reforming its drug laws, especially under Michelle Bachelet’s new administration based upon health considerations and empirical research. Recent proposals include reassessing the categorization of cannabis as a Class A drug and implementing regulations regarding the quantities that would be allowed for personal use. The law does not prohibit the personal consumption of any recreational drug, although it does penalise consumption that occurs in groups. It does not establish a threshold for the permitted quantities, and the distinction between trafficking and consumption is left to the discretion of the judge. Its implementing law, Decree 867, published in 2007 by the Interior Ministry, specifies which drugs, plants and substances are illicit. This decree places cannabis and its derivatives in the category of “hard drugs that produce high levels of toxicity or dependence,” thus mandating maximum penalties for crimes related to this substance. Decree 143, published August 18, 1997 by the Justice Ministry, requires the Civil Registrar to keep a registry of all people sentenced for crimes involving drugs.[1]

Additional Resources


  1. Overview of drug laws and legislative trends in Chile. (July, 2014),

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South America

Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana | Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela