Diabetes mellitus (DM) also known as simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period This high blood sugar produces the symptoms of frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. Untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications include diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications include heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, foot ulcers and damage to the eyes.
Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:
- Type 1 DM results from the body's failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes". The cause is unknown.
- Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as "non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes". The primary cause is excessive body weight and not enough exercise.
- Gestational diabetes, is the third main form and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop a high blood glucose level.
- Cannabis and Diabetes at Diabetes.co.uk, the global diabetes community
- Marijuana and Diabetes: Smoking Out the Truth by Jay Smoker (October 3, 2012), The Weed Blog
- Cannabis linked to prevention of diabetes by Jeremy Laurance (May 15, 2013), The Independent
- Marijuana users have better blood sugar control (May 15, 2013), ScienceDaily
- Could marijuana reduce diabetes risk? by Marc Lallanilla (May 16, 2013), Fox News
- Marijuana Decreases Insulin Resistance, Improves Blood Sugar Control by Sandy Calhoun Rice (May 16, 2013), Healthline
- Marijuana: The Next Diabetes Drug? by Maia Szalavitz] (May 21, 2013), Time
- Even More Science Suggesting That Cannabinoids May Halt Diabetes by Paul Armentano (June 10, 2013), National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML)
- Medical Pot: A Drugmaker Bets on Marijuana to Treat Diabetes, Epilepsy, and More by Carol Matlack (July 19, 2013), Businessweek
- Cannabis-Derived Drug Shows Promise in Treating Type 2 Diabetes by Sandy Calhoun Rice (July 23, 2013), Healthline
- Is Marijuana the Next Diabetes Drug? by Mike Adams (October 8, 2013), High Times
- Diabetes mellitus at Wikipedia. Retrieved September 3, 2014.