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Location of Ghana within Africa

Ghana, officially called the Republic of Ghana, is a sovereign multinational state and unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the sub-region of West Africa. Ghana is the 82nd largest country in the world and 33rd largest country on continental Africa. The country is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. The word Ghana means "Warrior King".


While it may be overlooked by some law enforcement officials, cannabis and all related activities are illegal in Ghana. The plant has only been used in the country for a decade or so and there is a strong Rastafari movement actively involved in the cultivation and sale of cannabis. Some locally-available strains are highly prized for their potency, fragrance and effect, and are a far cry from the low-quality cannabis exported to Europe.

The fertile, rugged terrain found in the Brong Ahofa region of south-western Ghana is ideal for concealing illicit cannabis crops. Cannabis use in Ghana is traditionally associated with individuals working in dangerous or arduous occupations, such as labourers, prostitutes and farmers, as well as with the criminal underclass. Cannabis use, particularly among the country’s urban youth, is increasing to the point that it is being viewed as a serious problem by the authorities. Local terms for cannabis include bhanga and ‘Indian hemp’ (as in Nigeria); the common term ‘weed’ appears to have mutated into an alternative colloquialism, wee, and the indigenous language Twi also supplied the expression obonsam tawa, which translates to ‘devil’s tobacco’.

Ghana is a signatory to the UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. The Narcotic Drugs (Control, Enforcement and Sanctions) Law of 1992 implemented the Convention and established the Narcotics Control Board (NACOB), the main body of authority charged with implementing drug policy on a national level. The Police Narcotics Unit, based in the capital Accra, is the division of the police responsible for enforcing drug policy in Ghana. As well as having insufficient resources to control illegal trafficking, Ghana suffers from high levels of corruption, and there are indications that members of the police and government—even members of NACOB itself—are actively involved in facilitating the operations of the traffickers.[1][2]

Additional Resources


  1. Cultural Use of Cannabis in Ghana (October 21, 2013), Sensi Seeds
  2. Laws and legal news about marijuana in Ghana (2014), Marijuana Travels


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