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Location of Mauritius

Mauritius, officially the Republic of Mauritius, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2000 km off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the island of Mauritius, Rodrigues 560 km east, the islands of Agalega and the archipelago of Saint Brandon. The islands of Mauritius, Rodrigues, and Réunion 170 km south west, form part of the Mascarene Islands. The area of the country is 2040 km2. The capital and largest city is Port Louis.


Cannabis consumption on the island is not a recent phenomenon with 3.9% of the population regular cannabis users.[1] Following the abolition of slavery in 1834, Mauritius, then a British colony, experienced an inflow of indentured laborers from India who introduced cannabis to the island. During the same period, immigrants from China brought opium to the island. These drugs mainly served traditional purposes and were not considered of serious public concern.[2]

The Department of Health does not recognize the medical benefits of cannabis and the plant and all activities associated with it are illegal.[3]

Additional Resources


  1. Laws and legal news about marijuana in Mauritius (December 2, 2012), United Nations
  2. International Centre for Drug Abuse Prevention in Schools: Mauritius Drug Profiles (2012), Rotary
  3. Laws and legal news about marijuana in Mauritius (2014), Marijuana Travels


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