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Location of Nigeria within Africa

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a federal constitutional republic comprising 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.


Cannabis and all activities associated with it are illegal in Nigeria. Consumption, purchasing, trafficking and cultivating have reserved punishments. However, Nigeria is known to export cannabis to other countries such as the Republic of Niger. Said to be the third most corrupt country in the world, police are easily bribed and as such, target tourists.[1]

Cannabis is thought to have arrived in Nigeria relatively late compared with much of the rest of the continent; it is believed that soldiers and sailors returning from conflict zones in North Africa and the Far East after World War II brought the seeds with them. Nigeria’s cannabis policies are strict and rigorously enforced. Cannabis was one of the first illicit narcotic substances introduced to Nigeria, and while its significance has been eclipsed by the trade in heroin and cocaine, it is still viewed as a serious problem.

The main body of authority over drug policy and enforcement is the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA), which has liaised with the U.S. government and with regional authorities to jointly combat narcotics trafficking in West Africa. US-donated full-body scanners implemented at the major international airports have thus far proved particularly effective. However, the agency is limited in its power, as it is underfunded and thus under-equipped and understaffed. As well as following various pieces of domestic legislation, Nigeria is a signatory to the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1988 UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances. Nigeria’s efforts to curb illicit trafficking have been hampered by persistent allegations of involvement in cannabis trafficking on the part of corrupt government employees; there is a general perception among the international community that the nation is not acting sufficiently to bring itself in line with international law.[2]

Additional Resources


  1. Laws and legal news about marijuana in Nigeria (2014), Marijuana Travels
  2. Cannabis in Nigeria (October 23, 2013), Sensi Seeds


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