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Location of Paraguay in S. America

Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay, is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Due to its central location in South America, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de América ("Heart of America").

Cannabis Legislation

Cannabis and all activities associated with it are illegal and Paraguay has enacted a new drug law that controls the use of natural and synthetic drugs including cannabis. Possession of the plant is punishable with a possible jail sentence however anyone caught with small amount of weed for personal use may be interned for rehabilitation. Cultivating and trafficking are punishable with 1 to 5 years in prison but selling cannabis to a minor is punishable with 2 to 8 years in jail. Exportation or importation is punishable by imprisonment of 2 to 12 years.[1]

The illegal drug trade in Paraguay is significant in both production of cannabis and trans-shipment of cocaine. In 2011, the United Nations reported that it was the largest cannabis producer in South America, accounting for 15 per cent of world cannabis production.[2]

Additional Resources


  1. Laws and legal news about marijuana in Paraguay (2014), Marijuana Travels
  2. UNODC and Paraguay launch $10 million programme to combat drugs and crime (November 9, 2011),

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South America

Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana | Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela