Schizophrenia is a mental disorder often characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to recognize what is real. Common symptoms include false beliefs, unclear or confused thinking, auditory hallucinations, reduced social engagement and emotional expression, and inactivity. Diagnosis is based on observed behavior and the person's reported experiences.
Genetics and early environment, as well as psychological and social processes, appear to be important contributory factors. Some recreational and prescription drugs appear to cause or worsen symptoms. The many possible combinations of symptoms have triggered debate about whether the diagnosis represents a single disorder or a number of separate syndromes. Despite the origin of the term from the Greek roots skhizein ("to split") and phrēn ("mind"), schizophrenia does not imply a "split personality", or "multiple personality disorder"—a condition with which it is often confused in public perception. Rather, the term means a "splitting of mental functions", reflecting the presentation of the illness.
The mainstay of treatment is antipsychotic medication, which primarily suppresses dopamine receptor activity. Counseling, job training and social rehabilitation are also important in treatment. In more serious cases—where there is risk to self or others—involuntary hospitalization may be necessary, although hospital stays are now shorter and less frequent than they once were.
- Samuel T. Wilkinson: Pot-Smoking and the Schizophrenia Connection by Samuel T. Wilkinson (July 1, 2013), The Wall Street Journal
- CBD May Help Reduce Psychotic Symptoms of Schizophrenia by Drake Dorm (August 30, 2013), Medical Jane
- Cannabis May Improve Cognitive Functioning in Schizophrenia by Drake Dorm (October 9, 2013), Medical Jane
- Brazilian Study: Cannabis Therapy May Help Treat Schizophrenia by Drake Dorm (March 2, 2014), Medical Jane
- 15 Shocking Facts You Don't Know About Weed: Pot Makes Mental Health Problems — Like Schizophrenia — Worse by Anne Hauser (April 8, 2014), pg. 4, The Weather Channel
- The Clinic: A Surprising Link Between Marijuana and Schizophrenia by David Bienenstock (June 26, 2014), High Times
- Schizophrenia at Wikipedia. Retrieved September 30, 2014.