The United States of America (USA or U.S.A.), commonly referred to as the United States (US or U.S.), America, and sometimes the States, is a federal republic consisting of 50 states and a federal district. The 48 contiguous states and Washington, D.C., are in central North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is the northwestern part of North America and the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific. The country also has five populated and nine unpopulated territories in the Pacific and the Caribbean.
The United States is a political battleground for cannabis enthusiasts and abolitionists. States have their own laws regarding the sale and consumption of cannabis, unlike countries with more unitary systems of government. Federal law classifies cannabis as a Schedule I substance, the same classification as heroin. The United States Supreme Court ruled in Gonzales v. Raich that the federal government has the power to regulate and criminalize cannabis, even for medical purposes.
- Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
- Federal Bureau of Narcotics (1930–1968)
- Marihuana Tax Act of 1937
- La Guardia Committee (1944)
- Leary v. United States (1969)
- United States v. Oakland Cannabis Buyers' Cooperative (2001)
- Gonzales v. Raich (2005)
- Moncrieffe v. Holder (2013)
- Virgin Islands Chapters, NORML
- Marijuana Timeline, Frontline (PBS)
- How Much Does Your State Spend to Enforce Marijuana Laws? by Mike Adams (March 19, 2014), High Times
- Are we finally ‘Hemp Bound’ here in the United States? by Leland Rucker (May 15, 2014), Boulder Weekly
- Hemp in American History by Courtney Anderson (May 25, 2014), Guardian Liberty Voice
- These maps show how likely you are to get arrested for smoking weed by German Lopez (May 26, 2014), Vox