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Location of Zambia within Africa

The Republic of Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, neighboring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, in the south-central part of the country.


Cannabis and all activities associated with it are illegal in Zambia, the law itself being a strict one, enforcement however falls short in this African country. Even though illegal in Zambia, a proportionately high percentage of the population smoke weed especially in depressed areas of the country. The police do not seem to care much about the use of cannabis among locals though they appear to be stricter regarding those below 18 years of age.[1]

As with most southern African nations, cannabis is likely to have been introduced to the indigenous peoples of Zambia at some point between the 10th and the 15th centuries, having been transported to the south-eastern coast of Africa by Arab and Portuguese traders arriving from Asia. Cannabis is by far the most commonly used drug in Zambia, and is the only one produced within the country. The sativa landraces that have become established are renowned throughout the region, and are similar in appearance, taste and effect to the predominant Malawi sativa type. Zambia is one of the most impoverished nations on the planet, and standards of living are declining for substantial sections of the rural population. As a result, cannabis production in Zambia is at an all-time high: farmers choose cannabis over traditional crops such as sorghum, maize and rice as it commands a far higher market price. Furthermore, as police presence is sparse in the countryside, there is little risk of discovery and arrest. Cannabis farms in Zambia are usually small-scale, although larger commercial enterprises have sprung up in recent years.

The main body of authority over drug policy in Zambia is the Drug Enforcement Commission (DEC); the vast majority of the DEC’s work is focused on cannabis prohibition efforts. However, their presence is patchy in rural areas, where most cannabis cultivation takes place. Furthermore, corruption and paucity of funding and manpower greatly reduce their overall effectiveness. Eradications and land seizures have been going on since the 1990s, and in 2008 the DEC began to expand its rural presence somewhat, leading to a significant increase in seizures and arrests in 2009.[2]

Additional Resources


  1. Laws and legal news about marijuana in Zambia, Marijuana Travels
  2. Cannabis in Zambia (October 25, 2013), Sensi Seeds


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