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Location of Zimbabwe within Africa

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. The capital is Harare.


Cannabis and all activities associated with it are illegal in Zimbabwe, though given the countries financial situation that law isn't easily enforced.[1]

Cannabis has begun to replace traditional crops due to its higher selling price with plantations typically small-scale, and are cultivated by local subsistence farmers struggling to remain solvent through a period of dramatic economic decline. However, in recent years larger farms have begun to appear, no doubt as a result of increased demand and in 2009, a plantation measuring three hectares was discovered in Umzingwane, and grows of ten thousand or more plants are increasingly common. Binga district in western Zimbabwe is one of the main areas of cannabis cultivation in the country. In January 2013, police confiscated their biggest-ever haul of around four metric tons of cannabis originating from Malawi.

It is estimated that up to 80% of the cannabis in Zimbabwe is imported from nearby countries; of the total cannabis present in Zimbabwe each year, around 50% is destined to be shipped further on to Europe or elsewhere. There are signs that trafficking operations are increasing in scale: in January 2013, police confiscated their biggest-ever haul of around four metric tons of cannabis originating from Malawi.

Cannabis is known as imbange or mbange in Zimbabwe, words that no doubt derive from the Sanskrit bhanga and is also known by the common southern African term dagga and is the most widely used illicit substance in Zimbabwe, although prevalence appears to be somewhat lower than in many nearby countries.

There is no specific government agency charged with developing and implementing drug control strategy, instead drug policy is managed by the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare. The Zimbabwe Republic Police Drugs Department is the branch of the police dedicated to implementing national drug policy.

In 2011, a member of the ruling ZANU-PF party, Simbaneuta Mudarikwa proposed to the House of Assembly that cultivation of cannabis should be legalised, so that the crop could be exported to other nations. Unfortunately, his suggestion was met with widespread derision and Agriculture Minister Joseph Made swiftly rejected the idea.[2]

Additional Resources


  1. Laws and legal news about marijuana in Zimbabwe, Marijuana Travels
  2. Cannabis in Zimbabwe (November 8, 2013), Sensi Seeds


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